One of the most satisfying experiences is preparing dinner using ingredients grown in your own home garden.
You don’t necessarily need an outdoor space to have this experience, as edible plants can even grow indoors.
With the fast-changing world and continuously growing population, having a backyard or outdoor space for home gardening may seem like a luxury.
People often have a complaint that they cannot enjoy homegrown fresh veggies and herbs due to lack of outdoor space.
There is no need to panic about this since you can opt out for an indoor garden and grow many edibles without the need for any outdoor space.
In this article, we shall describe the benefits of an indoor plantation, 26 edible plants that can be grown indoors, and some necessary tips for indoor gardening.
- The Benefits Of Growing Plants Indoors
- 26 Edible Plants To Grow Indoors
- 4 Tips For Growing Plants Indoors
- Wrapping Up
The Benefits Of Growing Plants Indoors
Indoor plants not only add beauty and edibles to our homes but also offer both psychological and physical health benefits. Some of the key benefits of indoor plantation include:
- Provides fresh herbs and veggies.
- Improves mood and productivity.
- Reduce stress level and fatigue.
- Improves air quality.
- Enhance outlook of your space.
- Working with plants can be therapeutic.
- Lowers background noise.
26 Edible Plants To Grow Indoors
An indoor plantation is an option if you want to consume organic vegetables no matter where you live.
You can make your own indoor vegetable garden using pots and seeds for an endless supply of fresh herbs and veggies. Here is a list of 26 edible plants that you can grow indoors.
- Green Beans
- Mandarin Oranges
- Bell Peppers
- Salad Greens
- Garlic Greens
- Aloe Vera
Now, let us learn about each of these edible plants in detail.
Carrots are one of the simplest veggies to raise indoors and add both beauty and functionality to your indoor garden.
They can be grown in deep pots near sunny windows with a sufficient sprinkle of water to keep the soil moist.
They are crunchy, delicious, and packed with nutrients, including beta carotene, fiber, vitamin K1, potassium, and antioxidants.
Carrots are ready for harvest in a few weeks as soon as the roots turn bright orange.
Green beans are an excellent choice for growing indoors since they provide beautiful foliage throughout the process.
They are perfect for indoor gardening because of their compact size and fast growth habit.
Beans are rich in proteins, fibers, folate, iron, potassium, and magnesium, but low in total fat, trans-fat, salt, and cholesterol.
Fresh green beans will be ready for harvesting in about two months if an ideal environment of 60-70° F and moist soil is maintained.
Potatoes are easy to grow root vegetables in your indoor garden. You can easily get a healthy supply of potatoes throughout the year if you do it right.
A six-inch-deep large pot is good enough for growing potatoes indoors. Sandy soil, sufficient moisture, and sunny windows will prepare your potatoes in about ten weeks for harvest.
Kale (Brassica oleracea) is a fast-growing salad vegetable that can be easily grown indoors with very little effort. It does not need any particular conditions to thrive except for enough window light.
It is one of the most nutrient-dense foods on the globe since it is rich in nutrients and low in calories.
Full-size kale can grow in about two months in small trays or containers with drainage holes in the bottom.
Mandarin oranges are a kind of orange with a thin skin that is easy to peel. They are easy to cultivate indoors due to their tiny size and compact growth patterns.
These oranges are rich in beta-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin and are an excellent source of vitamin C which assists in a healthy immune system and good vision.
On indoor budded trees, you may expect blooming and fruits within five years of planting.
Not many people know that mushrooms can be easily grown any time of the year indoors, even on a kitchen counter or shelf. Mushrooms prefer sterilized soil with a dark and moist environment.
Mushrooms are a low-calorie food that is rich in fibers, proteins, and antioxidants. It takes approximately one to two months to develop mushrooms from spores to completely grown.
Avocados are a wonderful, juicy pear-shaped fruit that makes a great condiment or stand-alone addition to your diet.
They are richest in fiber, folate, potassium, vitamin E, and magnesium, among all fruits, making them a superfood.
Avocados may be grown inside from a pit but are most effective when grafted dwarf trees are used. Also, a seed-grown plant is less likely to bear fruit, however, it will grow into a beautiful tree.
Strawberries are a great source of vitamin C, and they help strengthen the immune system, maintain good vision, prevent wrinkles, and aids in weight control.
The good news for plant lovers is that you can grow them indoors with proper care.
A well-drained, slightly acidic, and moist soil with a sunny window is considered an ideal condition for the growth of strawberries indoors. Expect your strawberries to be ripe in less than three months.
Tomatoes are one of the most versatile veggies which you may need in many of your dishes. You can grow fresh tomatoes all year long in your indoor garden by simply maintaining the ideal conditions for its growth.
They are fairly easy to grow with proper light, nutrients, and moisture. You can expect the fruit in about three weeks after you see flowers on the plant.
An indoor lemon tree rewards you with fragrant blooms, beautiful foliage, and tart, delicious fruit throughout the year. You can plant a container lemon tree indoors in any climate and enjoy fresh lemons.
Lemon tree roots need a lot of oxygen; therefore, good planting and drainage are essential. Getting some extra sunlight once in a while will assist lemon plants in bearing fruits in about six months.
Growing mint in your indoor garden is not just a kitchen essential; it offers much more. The pungent nature of mint will also help you keep bugs, ants, mosquitos, and other pests away from your home.
Mint is one of the easiest growing indoor plants as they do not require direct sunlight. All you need is a well-drained pot with good soil and a continuous supply of fresh air.
From green to red to orange, you can enjoy your own homegrown, indoor bell pepper round the year. Bell peppers are warm-season crops that grow well best in temperatures around 70°F.
Growing peppers may take some time and patience, but the fruits are worth the effort.
Peppers may be stored in plastic bags in the refrigerator for up to 12 days after harvesting. If proper care is taken, a single plant may yield for up to five years.
Ginger is one of the essential spices in any kitchen, and luckily, this tropical plant can easily be grown indoors round the year, even during chilled winters.
They require a little longer time to get fully matured, roughly ten months.
Ginger needs just filtered sunlight, warm, humid conditions, and moist, fertile soil. If you can replicate these conditions indoors, you can grow it in almost any climate!
Beet is a great choice of veggie to start with if you are new to indoor gardening. It requires no special conditions or care.
If there is enough depth in the pot for the root to grow properly, it will be ready to harvest in just 50 to 65 days.
They are low in calories yet highly nutritious. Including the right amount in your diet can control damage to blood vessels and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Chives are one of the most versatile herbs used in any kitchen in various dishes. They are one of the easiest plants to grow indoors with very little effort.
A well-drained pot soil and a sunny window can be an ideal habitat for your chives. However, for better results, you need to give around four to six weeks before harvesting.
Rosemary is widely used in many dishes as a seasoning. It is often added to dishes such as soups, casseroles, salads, etc.
So, adding this herb to your indoor garden would be a satisfying experience. However, growing it indoors can be tricky as they need adequate sunlight and are susceptible to molds and pests.
To minimize the danger of getting parasites, use sandy soil and put the pot on a windowsill in direct sunlight. You may also apply a few organic insecticides.
Nothing beats the flavor of freshly picked greens straight from the garden. Salad lovers may have a steady supply of their favorite greens from their indoor garden by growing it on a windowsill or under grow lights.
Salad greens are delicate and require extra attention when grown indoors. So, keep an eye on the moisture level to ensure that your seedlings are hydrated but not waterlogged.
Indoor baby lettuce should grow approximately 4″ tall and be ready to harvest in three to four weeks.
Radishes are another veggie that can be grown indoors without any special requirements. They grow rapidly and are ready to harvest within 30 to 40 days.
Just like beetroots, radish requires enough depth in the pot for the root to grow properly.
They are rich in antioxidants and minerals like calcium and potassium, which help lower high blood pressure and reduce the risks of heart disease.
Radish Seed for Planting
Scallions are a delicious addition to many raw or slightly cooked recipes. You can enjoy the luxury of having fresh scallions each time by simply growing them in your indoor garden.
Starting with leftovers from another plant is the easiest way to grow scallions indoors. The white ends may be planted in soil or placed in a glass of water to grow an edible plant faster.
Microgreens are an adorable and flavorful little addition to salads and perfect for food garnishing. They are quite flexible and can grow quite well in places that get sufficient sunlight.
It takes only a few weeks to germinate and grow. So, as soon as the plant has grown significantly, you can start plucking the greens and using them in your recipes.
Cilantro is one of those herbs that is mostly used to add some freshness to your recipes.
You will be rewarded with this delicious and fragrant herb round the year if you pay a little attention to sun exposure, soil combination, hydration, and careful picking.
Researchers have discovered that cilantro may reduce the risk of heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and seizure severity, as well as increase energy levels and promote healthy hair and skin.
So, including them in your daily diet is recommended.
Parsley is another herb that can grow indoors near a sunny window in a well-drained pot or container.
It is one of the fastest-growing herbs, and each time you prune its stems, it will grow back to full size within two to three weeks.
To avoid the roots sitting in water, keep the soil moderately wet and dump the saucer beneath the pot after each watering. You can also use organic liquid fertilizer for better results.
Garlic greens have a nutty-oniony flavor and can be used as a substitute for spring onions, chives, or leeks in any recipe.
They don’t have specific temperature or humidity needs which makes them an ideal indoor plant.
All they need is frequent watering for proper growth. Also, the greatest thing about garlic greens is that they may be grown indefinitely on the same plant.
Basil is one of the simplest herbs to grow indoors. It is included in the must-have list by cooks due to its culinary popularity and delicious flavor.
Basil plants germinate quickly from seed, particularly when placed under grow lights. You may use organic fertilizers and put the pot in a location that receives enough sunshine to get better results.
Aloe Vera is a beautiful and productive succulent plant that may be cultivated indoors. It can grow in a garden pot or container placed in the brightest part of the house.
Remember that this plant is naturally suited to extremely dry conditions, so you may let it dry out between subsequent watering.
Sunburn and other skin problems, as well as constipation and asthma, are known to be treated with aloe vera gel.
4 Tips For Growing Plants Indoors
Plants can fulfill their nutritional requirements differently in various ecosystems according to resource availability.
So, by creating an ideal environment for the growth of plants, you can quickly grow them indoors. Let us have a look at four essential tips for growing plants indoors.
The Bigger The Pot/Container, The Better
The size of the container or pot is very important for indoor plantations. All plants need to have some room for the roots to grow, so a bigger pot/container is essential.
Botanica’s Best 6 inch Plant Pots for Plants
Always Use Containers With Drainage
One of the critical parameters for the proper growth of indoor plants is adequate drainage. The aim is to maintain the soil wet but not soggy by providing only sufficient water for your plants.
Use Some Good Potting Mix
A good quality potting soil will contribute to the growth of plant roots by offering the right balance between nutrition, aeration, and water absorption.
Provide The Right Lighting
Light is the basic necessity for the growth of any plant, whether indoor or outdoor. All plants need light energy, which may be direct or indirect for photosynthesis.
Can Edible Flowers Be Grown Indoors?
Yes. You can easily grow edible flowers indoors and add a cheerful splash of color to your home.
What Is The Easiest Fruit To Grow Indoors?
Some of the fruits can be easily grown indoors. Some examples include tomatoes, bananas, lemons, raspberries, figs, blackberries, etc.
What Are The Prettiest Vegetables To Grow?
Eggplants, cabbage, beans, peppers, etc., are some of the prettiest-looking vegetables to grow in your home garden.
How Long Does It Take To Grow Edible Flowers?
Some of the edible flowers take only two to four weeks to grow and enhance the beauty of your indoor home garden.
Growing your own fresh veggies and herbs in your indoor garden can be a thrilling experience and will give you a sense of satisfaction.
So, what are you waiting for? Begin with growing a few of these edible plants in your indoor garden.
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